The largest delegation that Congress has ever undertaken to the President to conclude executive agreements took place in the area of the co-decision powers of the two divisions, the field of foreign relations, and took place at a time when war was within sight and, indeed, a few months away. This Act is the Lend-Lease Act of March 11, 1941,457, which authorized the President to „authorize the Minister of War, the Minister of the Navy or the head of another government department or agency for more than two years – and later for other periods, if he deems it in the interest of national defence – to „empower the Minister of War , the Minister of the Navy or the head of another government department or agency.“ , to the extent that available funds are available, „defence items“ – which were then supplemented by food and industrial products – and „Sale, transfer of ownership, exchange, leasing, loan or other transfer“ to „the government of any country whose defence is deemed indispensable by the President for the defence of the United States.“ and all the conditions he deems „satisfactory.“ As part of this authorization, the United States entered into mutual aid agreements, in which the government provided $40 billion in war munitions and other supplies to its allies during World War II. Zschernig had been asleep for some time and, although it was recently examined by the Court of Justice, it remains the only holding company in which the Court has used dormant foreign policy power to make state law too low. In the 1990s, there was a renewed academic interest in Zschernig, when some state and local governments have sought ways to express their displeasure with foreign governments` human rights policy or to restrict trade with adverse countries.507 In 1999, the court repealed The Massachusetts Burmese Sanctions Act on the basis of legal pre-kaufs rights and refused to refer to the alternative holding of the court. Appeal 508 2003, the Tribunal found that the Holocaust Victim Insurance Relief Act in California was anticipated as an interference with the Foreign Policy of the Confederation, which was reflected in the executive agreements, and although the court debated Zschernig at length, it did not see the need to resolve issues related to its scope.509 Initially , the Senate had held its meetings in camera and debates on the Jay Treaty were no exception. Even after the opening of a public gallery by the Senate in December 1795, the tradition of debate on contracts and appointments continued in secret session until the beginning of the 20th century.