The NRDC is working to make the Global Climate Climate Action Summit a success by inspiring more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and enhanced pollution reduction initiatives. Currently, 197 countries – every nation on earth, the last signatory is war-torn Syria – have adopted the Paris Agreement. 179 of them have consolidated their climate proposals with official approval, including, for the time being, the United States. The only major emitters that have yet to formally accede to the agreement are Russia, Turkey and Iran. On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S. President Barack Obama said, „Even if we achieve all the goals… we will only get to part of where we need to go. He also said that „this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change.“ It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder goals as technology progresses, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations. [27] [28] Niklas Huhne, climatologist and founder of the New Climate Institute in Germany, said that Turkey was „tightening“ the list of countries that do not yet need to ratify the agreement. The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to fulfil commitments that are strictly the other` and there was concern that differences of opinion on each Member State`s share of the EU reduction target and the British vote to leave the EU would delay the Paris Pact. [72] However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement[60] and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States. [72] The Eiffel Tower in Paris, illuminated in green on November 4, 2016 to celebrate the entry into force of the Paris Agreement, the most ambitious agreement in history on climate change (Photo: Jean-Baptiste Gurliat/ Paris City Hall) India has met the challenges of eradicating poverty while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.